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World Pneumonia Day 2023 History, meaning, how to celebrate and more about the special day. This day is celebrated around the world as World Pneumonia Day.
World Pneumonia Day is celebrated annually around the world on November 12. This day was first commemorated in 2009 to bring to light issues related to this condition. According to the WHO, pneumonia is the irresistible enemy of children under five years of age in the world.
It represents 15% of all deaths in children under 5 years of age. Pneumonia is a respiratory contamination that influences the individual’s lungs. In this condition, the air sacs in one or both lungs become aggravated. These could be filled with liquids or discharges. This lung disease can range from mild to extreme. Children under 2 years of age and those over 65 years of age are at increased risk for this condition.
History of World Pneumonia Day
World Pneumonia Day was created in 2009 by the Global Coalition Against Childhood Pneumonia. The Global Coalition Against Childhood Pneumonia is an organization of global, governmental, non-governmental and local individuals, academic and research establishments.
When the first World Pneumonia Day was created, pneumonia killed approximately 1.2 million children each year. In 2013, WHO and UNICEF presented the Integrated Global Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of Pneumonia and Diarrhea. It set a goal of achieving fewer than three childhood pneumonia deaths per 1,000 live births in each country by 2025.
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The International Vaccine Access Center (IVAC) launched the Pneumonia and Diarrhea Progress Report in 2013 and the rapidly developing Pneumonia Innovations Network facilitated the Pneumonia Innovations Summit in 2015.
Also established in 2017 was the Every Breath Counts Coalition, which was the first public-private partnership to help state administrations achieve the GAPPD (Global Action Plan for Pneumonia and Diarrhea) goal of reducing childhood pneumonia deaths. in nine countries.
Importance of World Pneumonia Day
World Pneumonia Day is responsible for:
- Addressing the world about pneumonia represents one of the main infectious diseases responsible for the death of children under 5 years of age.
- Promote ways and ideas that protect, prevent and cure pneumonia.
- Raise awareness about the additional resources needed to solve the disease.
- Increase actions to combat this deadly disease and other childhood diseases.
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Know the symptoms of this malignant disease before it is too late. Early detection of symptoms is of utmost importance in the fight against pneumonia. Some of its symptoms include:
- High fever and chills or sweating.
- Coughing up mucus
- Difficulty breathing when performing day-to-day tasks.
- Chest pain, especially when coughing.
- Loss of appetite
- Increased heart rate
- Nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.
- Headache and fatigue
Causes of pneumonia
Pneumonia is caused by bacteria, viruses and fungi. The most common infectious agents include:
- Haemophilus influenza type b (Hib): represents the second most common form of bacterial pneumonia.
- Streptococcal pneumonia: children are considered to suffer the most from this type of pneumonia.
- In viral infections, respiratory syncytial virus is the most common cause.
- Pneumocystis jiroveci is responsible for causing HIV in babies. This type of pneumonia affects at least a quarter of pneumonia deaths in HIV-infected babies.
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In addition to getting vaccinated, here’s what you can do to prevent pneumonia:
- Children should be exclusively breastfed for the first six months.
- Engage in a well-balanced diet that includes vitamin A and zinc.
- Maintain adequate hygiene and cleanliness.
- Control body weight.
World Pneumonia Day Facts
- In 2017, pneumonia was responsible for the deaths of 808,694 children, which represented 15% of all deaths under 5 years of age.
- Pneumonia can be caused by an infectious agent such as fungi, bacteria, or viruses.
- Pneumonia caused by bacteria can be cured with antibiotics.
- Air pollution is one of the main causes of pneumonia in adults.
- Around 158,176 children died in India due to pneumonia under the age of 5 in 2016, according to the John Hopkins Center for Public Health report in 2018.
- Pneumonia was responsible for claiming the lives of 2.5 million people, including 672,000 children in 2019.
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